A thousand years ago, in the sunny medieval world of Muslim and Christian Spain, Hebrew culture produced the greatest body of Jewish poetry since the Bible. In a cosmopolitan Mediterranean world there flourished an urban Jewish society radically different from the shtetl culture of Eastern Europe. In these multicultural warring Islamic and Christian kingdoms, influenced by Greek wisdom texts, Arabic love of poetry and Islamic reverence for the written word, Jewish doctors, merchants and army generals - including stars like Shmuel HaNagid, Ibn Gvirol and Yehuda HaLevi - composed Hebrew poetry of beauty, sensuality and pre-Shulkhan Aruch Judaism. Today in Israel, that poetry has been enthusiastically set to Israeli popular music. An introduction to the Golden Age of Hebrew poetry in Spain of 1000 – 1200 AD, and a listen to contemporary Israeli renditions of that poetry, a millennium later.